Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

v3.20.2
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
12 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2020
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Basis of presentation — The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Hillenbrand and its subsidiaries.  They also include two subsidiaries where the Company’s ownership percentage is less than 100%.  The portion of the businesses that are not owned by the Company is presented as noncontrolling interests within equity in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.  Income attributable to the noncontrolling interests is separately reported within the Consolidated Statements of Operations.  All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. 
 
Use of estimates — The Company prepared the Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”).  GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the Consolidated Financial Statements and the reported amounts of net revenue and expenses during the reporting period.  The Company’s results are affected by economic, political, legislative, regulatory and legal actions. Economic conditions, such as recessionary trends, inflation, interest and monetary exchange rates, government fiscal policies, government policies surrounding the containment of the COVID-19 pandemic and changes in the prices of raw materials, can have a significant effect on operations. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
Foreign currency translation — The financial statements of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars using period-end exchange rates for assets and liabilities and average exchange rates for operating results.  Unrealized
translation gains and losses are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss in shareholders’ equity.  When a transaction is denominated in a currency other than the subsidiary’s functional currency, the Company recognizes a transaction gain or loss in other income (expense), net within the Consolidated Statements of Operations when the transaction is settled.
 
Cash and cash equivalents include short-term investments with original maturities of three months or less.  The carrying amounts reported in the Consolidated Balance Sheets for cash and cash equivalents are valued at cost, which approximates their fair value.
 
Trade receivables are recorded at the invoiced amount and generally do not bear interest, unless they become past due.  The allowance for doubtful accounts is a best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses and collection risk in the existing accounts receivable portfolio.  The allowance for cash discounts and sales returns reserve are based upon historical experience and trends.  Account balances are charged against the allowance when the Company believes it is probable the receivable will not be recovered. The Company generally holds trade accounts receivable until they are collected.  At September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company had reserves against trade receivables of $24.0 and $22.5, respectively.

The Company specifically considered the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its trade receivables and determined there was no material impact on existing trade receivables at September 30, 2020.
 
Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market.  Inventory costs that are determined by the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method represented approximately 11% and 28% of inventories at September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.  Costs of remaining inventories have been determined principally by the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) and average cost methods. If the FIFO method of inventory accounting, which approximates current cost, had been used for inventory accounted for using the LIFO method, that inventory would have been approximately $14.9 and $17.3 higher than reported at September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               September 30,
  2020 2019
Finished goods $ 163.4  $ 49.0 
Raw materials and components 133.3  68.2 
Work in process 88.7  40.5 
Total inventories $ 385.4  $ 157.7 
 
The Company specifically considered the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its inventories, and determined there was no material impact on existing inventories at September 30, 2020.

Property, plant, and equipment are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed using principally the straight-line method based on estimated useful lives of three to 50 years for buildings and improvements and three to 25 years for machinery and equipment. Major improvements that extend the useful lives of such assets are capitalized while expenditures for maintenance, repairs, and minor improvements are expensed as incurred. Upon disposal or retirement, the cost and accumulated depreciation of assets are eliminated. Any gain or loss is reflected within other income (expense), net on the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company reviews these assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. An impairment loss would be recognized when estimated future undiscounted cash flows relating to the asset are less than its carrying amount. The impairment loss is measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its fair value. There was no impairment loss during 2020, 2019, and 2018. Total depreciation expense was 2020, 2019, and 2018 was $55.7, $23.2, and $23.4, respectively.
 
  September 30, 2020 September 30, 2019
  Cost Accumulated
Depreciation
Cost Accumulated
Depreciation
Land and land improvements $ 27.8  $ (3.6) $ 13.1  $ (3.4)
Buildings and building equipment 159.4  (70.1) 95.7  (61.3)
Machinery and equipment 469.1  (268.4) 320.4  (235.1)
Total $ 656.3  $ (342.1) $ 429.2  $ (299.8)

Goodwill is not amortized, but is tested for impairment at least annually, or on an interim basis upon the occurrence of triggering events or substantive changes in circumstances. Goodwill has been assigned to reporting units. The Company
assesses the carrying value of goodwill annually, or more often if events or changes in circumstances indicate there may be impairment.  Impairment testing is performed at a reporting unit level.

The following table summarizes the changes in the Company’s goodwill, by reportable segment, for the years ended September 30, 2020 and 2019:
 
Advanced Process Solutions
Molding Technology Solutions Batesville Total
Balance September 30, 2018 $ 464.2  $ —  $ 8.3  $ 472.5 
Acquisitions (1)
12.4  —  —  12.4 
Foreign currency adjustments (14.2) —  —  (14.2)
Balance September 30, 2019 462.4  —  8.3  470.7 
Acquisitions (1)
1.7  714.7  —  716.4 
Divestiture (2)
—  (77.9) —  (77.9)
Foreign currency adjustments 21.0  7.6  —  28.6 
September 30, 2020 (3)
$ 485.1  $ 644.4  $ 8.3  $ 1,137.8 
(1)See Note 4 for further information on the acquisitions of Milacron and BM&M.
(2)See Note 4 for further information on the divestiture of Cimcool.
(3)The goodwill impairment charges recorded during 2020 for the reporting units within the Advanced Process Solutions reportable segment are not shown in the table above as the related goodwill is classified as assets held for sale on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. See Note 4 for further information.

Annual impairment assessment

Testing for impairment of goodwill and indefinite lived assets must be performed annually, or on an interim basis upon the occurrence of triggering events or substantive changes in circumstances that indicate that the fair value of the asset or reporting unit may have decreased below the carrying value.  The Company’s annual assessment was performed in the third quarter of 2020 and consists of determining each reporting unit’s current fair value compared to its current carrying value. For all reporting units tested, the fair value of goodwill was determined to exceed the carrying value, resulting in no further impairment to goodwill as part of the annual impairment test. Additionally, the fair value of indefinite lived trade names was determined to meet or exceed the carrying value for all trade names, resulting in no impairment to trade names.

Determining the fair value of a reporting unit requires the Company to make significant judgments, estimates, and assumptions. The Company believes these estimates and assumptions are reasonable. However, future changes in the judgments, assumptions and estimates that are used in the impairment testing for goodwill, including discount and tax rates or future cash flow projections, could result in significantly different estimates of the fair values.

The key assumptions for the market and income approaches we use to determine fair value of our reporting units are updated at least annually. Those assumptions and estimates include macroeconomic conditions, competitive activities, cost containment, achievement of synergy initiatives, market data and market multiples, discount rates, and terminal growth rates, as well as future levels of revenue growth, operating margins, depreciation, amortization, and working capital requirements, which are based upon the Company’s strategic plan. Hillenbrand’s strategic plan is updated as part of its annual planning process and is reviewed and approved by management and the Board of Directors. The strategic plan may be revised as necessary during a fiscal year, based on changes in market conditions or other changes in the reporting units. The discount rate assumption is based on the overall after-tax rate of return required by a market participant whose weighted-average cost of capital includes both equity and debt, including a risk premium. The discount rates may be impacted by adverse changes in the macroeconomic environment, including specifically the COVID-19 pandemic, volatility in the equity and debt markets or other factors. While the Company can implement and has implemented certain strategies to address these events, changes in operating plans or adverse changes in the future could reduce the underlying cash flows used to estimate reporting unit fair values and could result in a further decline in fair value that would trigger a future material impairment charge of the reporting units’ goodwill balance.

Although there are always changes in assumptions to reflect changing business and market conditions, our overall valuation methodology and the types of assumptions we use have remained consistent. While we use the best available information to prepare the cash flow and discount rate assumptions, actual future cash flows or market conditions could differ significantly resulting in future impairment charges related to recorded goodwill balances.
The Company is required to provide additional disclosures about fair value measurements as part of the Consolidated Financial Statements for each major category of assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis (including impairment assessments). Goodwill and intangible assets were valued using Level 3 inputs, which are unobservable by nature, and included internal estimates of future cash flows (income approach). Significant increases (decreases) in any of those unobservable inputs in isolation would result in a significantly higher (lower) fair value measurement.

Interim impairment assessments

Fourth quarter of 2020

As a result of classifying certain reporting units within the Advanced Process Solutions reportable segment as held for sale at September 30, 2020, the Company recorded a goodwill impairment of $16.9 during the fourth quarter of 2020. See Note 4 for further information.

As a result of the interim impairment review triggered during the second quarter of 2020 for all reporting units within the Molding Technology Solutions reportable segment, as discussed below, the Company determined that no impairment of goodwill occurred for these reporting units. The estimated fair value, as calculated, for all four reporting units within the Molding Technology Solutions reportable segment ranged from approximately 3% to 16% greater than their carrying value. During the remainder of the year ended September 30, 2020, there were no significant adverse changes to the Company’s previous forecasts or in macroeconomic conditions that triggered an interim impairment review.

Second quarter of 2020

In connection with the preparation of the Consolidated Financial Statements for the second quarter of 2020, an interim impairment assessment was performed for select reporting units within the Advanced Process Solutions and Molding Technology Solutions reportable segments as a result of certain triggering events and changes in circumstances discussed in detail below. Additionally, based on the macroeconomic factors below, as well as the decline in the Company’s common stock price during the second quarter of 2020, the Company performed a qualitative review for all remaining reporting units and determined that those reporting units did not require an interim impairment test as it was more likely than not that the current fair value of those reporting units exceeded their carrying value, based on their current and projected financial performance as well as the headroom from previous goodwill impairment tests.

For certain reporting units within the Advanced Process Solutions reportable segment, an interim impairment review was triggered during the second quarter of 2020 by the Company’s decision to redirect its strategic investments as it remains focused on deleveraging following two major events: (1) the continued evaluation of the Company’s operations following the acquisition of Milacron completed on November 21, 2019, and (2) adverse macroeconomic conditions primarily driven by the COVID-19 pandemic. In connection with these events, the Company made the decision to limit its future strategic investment in its two reporting units that primarily sell and manufacture products in the flow control sector. The decision to limit future investment, as well as the Company’s updated forecasts, which considered the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, reduced those reporting units’ anticipated annual revenue growth rates and corresponding profitability and cash flows. The annual revenue growth rates utilized in the Company’s fair value estimate are consistent with the reporting units’ operating plans. As a result of the change to expected future cash flows, along with comparable fair value information, the Company concluded that the carrying value for these reporting units exceeded their fair value, resulting in goodwill impairment charges of $72.3 during the second quarter of 2020. The pre-impairment goodwill balance for these reporting units was $95.2. A 10% further reduction in the fair value of these reporting units would indicate a potential additional goodwill impairment of approximately $12.0.  Additionally, under the relief-from-royalty fair value method, the Company concluded that the carrying value of a trade name associated with one of these reporting units exceeded its fair value. As a result, an impairment charge of $0.7 was recorded for this trade name during the second quarter of 2020. The pre-impairment balance for this trade name was $4.4.

For the reporting units within the Molding Technology Solutions reportable segment, an interim impairment review was triggered during the second quarter of 2020, due to adverse macroeconomic conditions primarily driven by the COVID-19 pandemic. Subsequent to the Company completing the acquisition of Milacron on November 21, 2019, the Company revised its forecasts for all reporting units within the Molding Technology Solutions reportable segment due to the deterioration in the overall global economy largely as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result of the decline in forecasted net revenue, under the relief-from-royalty fair value method, the Company concluded that the carrying value of certain trade names and technology associated with these reporting units exceeded their fair value. As a result, impairment charges of $9.5 were recorded for these intangible assets during the second quarter of 2020. The pre-impairment balance for these intangible assets was $125.0. A 10% further reduction in the fair value of these intangible assets, caused by further declines in forecasted net
revenue and changes in the discount rate selected by the Company, would indicate a potential additional impairment of approximately $12.0. 

The impairment charges to goodwill and the intangible assets were nondeductible for tax purposes. The following table summarizes the impairment charges by reportable segment recorded by the Company during the second quarter of 2020:
Advanced Process Solutions
Molding Technology Solutions Total
Goodwill $ 72.3  $ —  $ 72.3 
Trade names 0.7  7.9  8.6 
Technology, including patents —  1.6  1.6 
Total $ 73.0  $ 9.5  $ 82.5 

Fiscal year 2018

In connection with the preparation of the Consolidated Financial Statements for the second quarter of 2018, an interim impairment assessment was performed at the reporting unit most directly impacted by domestic coal mining and coal power. During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, published industry reports reduced their forecasts for domestic coal production and consumption. The reporting unit also experienced a larger than expected decline in orders for equipment and parts used in the domestic coal mining and coal power industries. In conjunction with these events and as part of the long-term strategic forecasting process, the Company made the decision to redirect strategic investments for growth, significantly reducing the reporting unit’s terminal growth rate. As a result of this change in expected future cash flows, along with comparable fair value information, management concluded that the reporting unit carrying value exceeded its fair value, resulting in a goodwill impairment charge of $58.8 during the year ended September 30, 2018.
 
Intangible assets are stated at the lower of cost or fair value.  With the exception of certain trade names, intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over periods ranging from three to 21 years, representing the period over which the Company expects to receive future economic benefits from these assets.  The Company assesses the carrying value of trade names annually, or more often if events or changes in circumstances indicate there may be impairment. Estimated amortization expense related to intangible assets for the next five years is: $57.2 in 2021, $56.1 in 2022, $55.6 in 2023, $55.5 in 2024, and $52.6 in 2025.
 
  September 30, 2020 September 30, 2019
  Cost Accumulated
Amortization
Cost Accumulated
Amortization
Finite-lived assets:        
Trade names $ 0.2  $ (0.2) $ 0.2  $ (0.2)
Customer relationships 787.6  (151.8) 287.7  (109.3)
Technology, including patents 137.6  (51.0) 56.1  (38.7)
Software 65.6  (54.1) 53.1  (47.8)
Backlog 10.0  (10.0) —  — 
Other 0.1  (0.1) 0.2  (0.2)
  1,001.1  (267.2) 397.3  (196.2)
Indefinite-lived assets:        
Trade names 226.8  —  111.0  — 
Total $ 1,227.9  $ (267.2) $ 508.3  $ (196.2)

The net change in intangible assets during the year ended September 30, 2020 was driven primarily by the following:

the acquisition of Milacron, which included acquired intangible assets of $815.0;
the divestiture of Cimcool, which included divested gross intangible assets of $122.1;
impairment charges to intangible assets of $10.2;
normal amortization; and
foreign currency adjustments.
See Note 4 for further information on the acquisition of Milacron and the divestiture of Cimcool.

Annual impairment assessment

As a result of the required annual impairment assessment performed in the third quarter of 2020, the fair value of trade names was determined to meet or exceed the carrying value for all trade names, resulting in no impairment to trade names as a result of the annual impairment test during the year ended September 30, 2020.

Interim impairment assessments

    Second quarter of 2020

Impairment charges of $10.2 were recorded to intangible assets as a result of an interim impairment review triggered during the second quarter of 2020. See discussion of interim impairment assessments in the Goodwill section above for further information on the impairment charges.

Second quarter of 2018

An impairment charge of $4.6 was recorded during the year ended September 30, 2018 for trade names most directly impacted by domestic coal mining and coal power. See discussion of interim impairment assessments in the Goodwill section above for further information on the impairment charge.

Environmental liabilities — Expenditures that relate to an existing condition caused by past operations which do not contribute to current or future net revenue generation are expensed.  A reserve is established when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated.  These reserves are determined without consideration of possible loss recoveries.  Based on consultations with an environmental engineer, the range of liability is estimated based on current interpretations of environmental laws and regulations.  A determination is made of the specific measures that are believed to be required to remediate the site, the estimated total cost to carry out the remediation plan, and the periods in which the Company will make payments toward the remediation plan.  The Company does not make an estimate of inflation for environmental matters because the number of sites is relatively small, the Company believes the magnitude of costs to execute remediation plans is not significant, and the estimated time frames to remediate sites are not believed to be lengthy.
 
Specific costs included in environmental expense and reserves include site assessment, remediation plan development, clean-up costs, post-remediation expenditures, monitoring, fines, penalties, and legal fees.  The amount reserved represents the expected undiscounted future cash outflows associated with such plans and actions and the Company believes is not significant to Hillenbrand.
 
Self-insurance — The Company is self-funded up to certain limits in the U.S. for product and general liability, workers compensation, and auto liability insurance programs, as well as certain employee health benefits including medical, drug, and dental.  Claims covered by insurance have in most instances deductibles and self-funded retentions up to $0.5 per occurrence, depending upon the type of coverage and policy period.  The Company’s policy is to estimate reserves for product and general liability, workers compensation, and auto liability based upon a number of factors, including known claims, estimated incurred but not reported claims, and outside actuarial analysis.  The outside actuarial analysis is based on historical information along with certain assumptions about future events.  These reserves are classified as other current liabilities and other long-term liabilities within the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
 
Treasury stock consists of the Company’s common shares that have been issued but subsequently reacquired.  The Company accounts for treasury stock purchases under the cost method.  When these shares are reissued, the Company uses an average-cost method to determine cost.  Proceeds in excess of cost are credited to additional paid-in capital.
 
In December 2018, the Board of Directors authorized a new share repurchase program of up to $200.0 in replacement of the Company’s prior share repurchase program, which eliminated the balance of approximately $39.6 remaining under that prior authorization. The repurchase program has no expiration date but may be terminated by the Board of Directors at any time.  Share repurchases under the program are classified as treasury stock. The Company made no repurchases of common stock during 2020 or 2019. The Company repurchased approximately 1,385,600 shares of common stock during 2018, at a total cost of $61.0. During the years ended September 30, 2020, 2019, and 2018, there were shares of approximately 200,000, 400,000, and 500,000, respectively, issued from treasury stock under stock compensation programs.  At September 30, 2020, the Company had $200.0 remaining for share repurchases under the existing Board authorization.
 
Preferred stock — The Company has authorized 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock (no par value), of which no shares were issued or outstanding at September 30, 2020 and 2019.
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss includes all changes in Hillenbrand shareholders’ equity during the period except those that resulted from investments by or distributions to shareholders. Accumulated other comprehensive loss was comprised of the following amounts as of:
  September 30,
  2020 2019
Currency translation $ (21.1) $ (64.7)
Pension and postretirement (net of taxes of $24.2 and $30.0) (69.6) (62.3)
Unrealized loss on derivative instruments (net of taxes of $0.7 and $0.7) (12.1) (13.6)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss $ (102.8) $ (140.6)
 
Revenue recognition — Effective October 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”), under the modified retrospective transition approach. See Note 3 for the Company’s policy for recognizing revenue under ASC 606 as well as the various other disclosures required by ASC 606.

For the year ended September 30, 2018, net revenue continues to be presented based on prior guidance. Under such guidance, net revenue included gross revenue less sales discounts, customer rebates, sales incentives, and product returns, all of which require us to make estimates for the portion of these allowances that have yet to be credited or paid to customers.  The Company estimated these allowances based upon historical rates and projections of customer purchases toward contractual rebate thresholds.
 
A portion of Hillenbrand’s net revenue was derived from long-term manufacturing contracts.  The majority of this revenue was recognized based on the percentage-of-completion method. Under this method, net revenue is recognized based upon the costs incurred to date as compared to the total estimated project costs. 
 
Accounting for these contracts involves management judgment in estimating total contract revenue and cost.  Contract revenue is largely determined by negotiated contract prices and quantities, modified by the Company’s assumptions regarding contract options, change orders, and incentive and award provisions associated with technical performance clauses.  Contract costs are incurred over longer periods of time and, accordingly, the estimation of these costs requires management judgment.  Cost estimates are largely based on negotiated or estimated purchase contract terms, historical performance trends, and other economic projections.  Significant factors that influence these estimates include inflationary trends, technical and schedule risk, internal and subcontractor performance trends, business volume assumptions, asset utilization, and anticipated labor agreements.  Revenue and cost estimates are regularly monitored and revised based on changes in circumstances.  Anticipated losses on long-term contracts are recognized immediately when such losses become evident.  The Company maintains financial controls over the customer qualification, contract pricing, and estimation processes to seek to reduce the risk of contract losses.
 
Net revenue for components, most aftermarket parts, and service is recognized when title and risk of loss passes to the customer.
 
Cost of goods sold consists primarily of purchased material costs, fixed manufacturing expense, variable direct labor, and overhead costs.  It also includes costs associated with the distribution and delivery of products.
 
Research and development costs are expensed as incurred as a component of operating expenses and were $18.6, $10.6, and $11.7 during 2020, 2019, and 2018, respectively.
 
Warranty costs — The Company records the estimated warranty cost of a product at the time net revenue is recognized.  Warranty expense is accrued based upon historical information and may also include specific provisions for known conditions.  Warranty obligations are affected by actual product performance and by material usage and service costs incurred in making product corrections. The Company’s warranty provision takes into account the best estimate of amounts necessary to settle future and existing claims on products sold. The Company engages in extensive product quality programs and processes in an effort to minimize warranty obligations, including active monitoring and evaluation of the quality of component suppliers.  Warranty reserves were $23.8 and $16.3 as of September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Warranty costs were $4.5, $3.4, and $3.3 during 2020, 2019, and 2018, respectively. The warranty reserve recorded in connection with the acquisition of Milacron as of November 21, 2019 was $8.5.
 
Income taxesOn December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Tax Act”). The Tax Act made broad and complex changes to the U.S. tax code, some of which went into effect during the year ended September 30, 2018 including, but not limited to (a) a reduction of the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%, (b) a one-time transition tax on certain unrepatriated earnings of foreign subsidiaries (“Transition Tax”), and (c) immediate expensing of certain capital expenditures. Since the effective date of the reduced tax rate was January 1, 2018, the year ended September 30, 2018 had a prorated U.S. federal corporate tax rate of 24.5%. In addition to the 21% tax rate, other key provisions of the Tax Act, such as the limitation on the deductibility of interest expense, the repeal of the Domestic Production Activities Deduction, imposition of tax on Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income (GILTI) earned by certain foreign subsidiaries, the Foreign Derived Intangible Income Deduction (FDII), and the Base Erosion and Anti-Abuse Tax (BEAT) went into effect during the year ended September 30, 2019. A company can elect to either recognize deferred taxes or provide tax expense in the year GILTI is incurred. The Company has elected to account for GILTI in the year the tax is incurred.

The Company establishes deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the Consolidated Financial Statements. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined in part based on the differences between the accounting treatment of tax assets and liabilities under GAAP and the tax basis of assets and liabilities using statutory tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in statutory tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in net income in the period that includes the enactment date. The Company continues to assert that most of the cash at its foreign subsidiaries represents earnings considered to be permanently reinvested for which deferred taxes have not been recorded in the Consolidated Financial Statements, as the Company does not intend, nor does the Company foresee a need, to repatriate these funds. The Company continues to actively evaluate its global capital deployment and cash needs.

The Company has a variety of deferred income tax assets in numerous tax jurisdictions. The recoverability of these deferred income tax assets is assessed periodically, and valuation allowances are recognized if it is determined that it is more likely than not that the benefits will not be realized. When performing this assessment, the Company considers the ability to carryback losses to prior tax periods, future taxable income, the reversal of existing temporary differences, and tax planning strategies. The Company accounts for accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense.

Derivative financial instruments — The Company has hedging programs in place to manage its currency exposures.  The objectives of the Company’s hedging programs are to mitigate exposures in gross margin and non-functional-currency-denominated assets and liabilities. Under these programs, the Company uses derivative financial instruments to manage the economic impact of fluctuations in currency exchange rates.  These include foreign currency exchange forward contracts, which generally have terms up to 24 months. Additionally, the Company periodically enters into interest rate swaps to manage or hedge the risks associated with indebtedness and interest payments. The Company’s objectives in using these swaps are to add stability to interest expense and to manage exposure to interest rate movements.

The Company measures all derivative instruments at fair value and reports them on the Consolidated Balance Sheets as assets or liabilities.  Changes in the fair value of derivatives are accounted for depending on the intended use of the derivative, designation of the hedging relationship, and whether or not the criteria to apply hedge accounting have been satisfied.  If a derivative is designated as a fair value hedge, the gain or loss on the derivative and the offsetting loss or gain on the hedged asset or liability are recognized in earnings. For derivative instruments designated as a cash flow hedge, the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income and reclassified to earnings in the same period that the hedged transaction affects earnings. The portion of the gain or loss that does not qualify for hedge accounting is immediately recognized in earnings.

The aggregate notional amount of all derivative instruments was $232.8 and $128.9 at September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The carrying value of all of the Company’s derivative instruments at fair value resulted in assets of $2.6 and $2.5 (included in other current assets and other assets) and liabilities of $1.6 and $2.6 (included in other current liabilities) at September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. See Note 14 for additional information on the fair value of the Company’s derivative instruments.

Foreign currency derivatives

Contracts designated as cash flow hedges for customer orders or intercompany purchases have an offsetting tax-adjusted amount in accumulated other comprehensive loss.  Foreign exchange contracts intended to manage foreign currency exposures within the Consolidated Balance Sheets have an offsetting amount recorded in other income (expense), net.  The cash flows from such hedges are presented in the same category in the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows as the items being hedged.
Interest rate swap contracts

During the first quarter of 2019, the Company entered into interest rate swap contracts to hedge the interest rate associated with the forecasted issuance of $150.0 ten-year, fixed-rate debt. In September 2019, the Company issued $375.0 of senior unsecured notes (the “2019 Notes” as defined in Note 6) with a term of seven years. As a result of this issuance, Hillenbrand terminated and settled the interest rate swap contracts for a cash payment of $20.2.

Upon the issuance of the 2019 Notes, Hillenbrand determined that it was probable that the originally forecasted issuance of ten-year, fixed-rate debt would not occur. As a result, the Company accelerated the release of accumulated other comprehensive loss related to the missed forecasted transaction, resulting in a loss on settlement of $6.4. The loss on settlement was recorded within other income (expense), net, on the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The remaining $13.8 is classified within accumulated other comprehensive loss and will be amortized into Interest expense over the seven-year term of the 2019 Notes. As of September 30, 2020, the Company expects to reclassify amounts of $2.0 out of accumulated other comprehensive loss into interest expense over the next twelve months related to these interest rate swap contracts.

During the year ended September 30, 2018, the Company entered into interest rate swap contracts on $50.0 of outstanding borrowings under the Revolver (as defined in Note 6) in order to manage exposure to variable interest payments. The Company terminated these interest rate swaps in the fourth quarter of 2018. As a result, a gain on settlement of $2.3 was released from accumulated other comprehensive loss to other income (expense), net.

Business acquisitions and related business acquisition and integration costs — Assets and liabilities associated with business acquisitions are recorded at fair value, using the acquisition method of accounting.  The Company allocates the purchase price of acquisitions based upon the fair value of each component, which may be derived from observable or unobservable inputs and assumptions.  The Company may utilize third-party valuation specialists to assist us in this allocation.  Initial purchase price allocations are preliminary and subject to revision within the measurement period, generally not to exceed one year from the date of acquisition.
 
Business acquisition and integration costs are expensed as incurred and are reported as a component of cost of goods sold, operating expenses, and other income (expense), net, depending on the nature of the cost.  The Company defines these costs to include finder’s fees, advisory, legal, accounting, valuation, and other professional or consulting fees, as well as travel associated with investigating opportunities (including acquisition and disposition).  Business acquisition and integration costs also include costs associated with acquisition tax planning, retention bonuses, and related integration costs.  These costs exclude the ongoing expenses of the Company’s business development department.

Businesses and assets held for sale — Businesses and assets held for sale represent components that meet accounting requirements to be classified as held for sale and are presented as single asset and liability amounts in the Consolidated Financial Statements with a valuation allowance, if necessary, to recognize the net carrying amount at the lower of cost or fair value, less cost to sell.

For assets (disposal group) held for sale, the disposal group as a whole is measured at the lower of its carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell after adjusting the individual assets of the disposal group, if necessary. If the carrying value of assets, after the consideration of other asset valuation guidance, exceeds fair value less cost to sell, the Company establishes a valuation adjustment which would offset the original carrying value of disposal group. This valuation adjustment would be adjusted based on subsequent changes in our estimate of fair value less cost to sell. If the fair value less cost to sell increases, the carrying amount of the long-lived assets would be adjusted upward; however, the increased carrying amount cannot exceed the carrying amount of the disposal group before the decision to dispose of the assets was made. Estimates are required to determine the fair value, the disposal costs and the time period to dispose of the assets. The estimate of fair value incorporates the transaction approach, which utilizes pricing indications derived from recent acquisition transactions involving comparable companies. Such estimates are critical in determining whether any impairment charge should be recorded and the amount of such charge if an impairment loss is deemed to be necessary. The Company reviews all businesses and assets held for sale each reporting period to determine whether the existing carrying amounts are fully recoverable in comparison to estimated fair values, less cost to sell. See Note 4 for further information.
 
Restructuring costs may occur when the Company takes action to exit or significantly curtail a part of the Company’s operations or change the deployment of assets or personnel.  A restructuring charge can consist of an impairment or accelerated depreciation of affected assets, severance costs associated with reductions to the workforce, costs to terminate an operating lease or contract, and charges for legal obligations for which no future benefit will be derived.
 
Recently adopted accounting standards — Beginning in 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASC 606, plus a number of related ASUs designed to clarify and interpret ASC 606. The new standard requires entities to recognize revenue in a way that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard supersedes GAAP guidance on revenue recognition and requires the use of more estimates than the previously effective standards. It also requires significant disclosures sufficient to enable users to understand the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers, including qualitative and quantitative disclosures about contracts with customers, significant judgments and changes in judgments, and assets recognized from the costs to obtain or fulfill a contract. The new standard became effective for our fiscal year beginning on October 1, 2018 and was adopted on a modified retrospective basis. The Company elected the practical expedient and only evaluated contracts for which substantially all revenue had not been recognized under ASC 605, with the cumulative effect of the new guidance recorded as of the date of initial application.

The primary changes from the adoption of ASC 606 resulted from certain performance obligations that were previously recognized at a point in time that are now recognized over time. The cumulative effect of the changes made to the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of October 1, 2018, for the adoption of ASC 606, was as follows:
Balance at September 30, 2018 Adjustments due to ASC 606 Balance at October 1, 2018
Assets
Receivables from long-term manufacturing contracts $ 120.3  $ 1.9  $ 122.2 
Inventories 172.5  (1.6) 170.9 
Liabilities
Deferred income taxes $ 76.4  $ 0.1  $ 76.5 
Shareholders’ Equity
Retained earnings $ 531.0  $ 0.2  $ 531.2 

The following tables summarize the impacts of adopting ASC 606 on the Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the year ended September 30, 2019.

Consolidated Statements of Operations:
Year Ended September 30, 2019
As Reported Adjustments Due to ASC 606 Balances without Adoption
Net revenue $ 1,807.3  $ —  $ 1,807.3 
Cost of goods sold 1,184.3  —  1,184.3 
Gross profit 623.0  —  623.0 
Income before income taxes 176.7  —  176.7 
Consolidated net income 126.2  —  126.2 
Consolidated Balance Sheet:
September 30, 2019
As Reported Adjustments Due to ASC 606 Balances without Adoption
Assets
Receivables from long-term manufacturing contracts $ 180.3  $ (1.9) $ 178.4 
Inventories $ 157.7  1.7  159.4 
Liabilities
Deferred income taxes $ 61.6  $ —  $ 61.6 
Shareholders’ Equity
Retained earnings $ 599.5  $ (0.2) $ 599.3 

The Company has elected the following as a result of adopting the new standard on revenue recognition:

The Company elected not to adjust the promised amount of consideration for the effects of the time value of money for contracts in which the anticipated period between when the Company transfers the goods or services to the customer and when the customer pays is equal to one year or less.

The Company elected to account for shipping and handling activities that occur after the customer has obtained control of a good as fulfillment activities rather than as a promised service.

Taxes assessed by a governmental authority that are both imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction, and that are collected by the Company from a customer, are excluded from revenue.

In February 2016, FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, Leases (“ASU 2016-02”). ASU 2016-02 requires lessees to recognize a right of use asset and related lease liability for leases that have terms of more than twelve months. For income statement purposes, the FASB retained a dual model, requiring leases to be classified as either operating or finance, with the classifications based on criteria that are similar to those applied under the current lease guidance, without the explicit bright lines. ASU 2016-02 became effective for the Company’s fiscal year that began on October 1, 2019. The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 under the allowable transition method to use the effective date as the date of initial application on transition without adjusting the comparative periods presented (modified retrospective method).

At transition, the Company elected the package of practical expedients to not reassess prior conclusions related to contracts containing leases, lease classification, and initial direct costs. Additionally, ASU 2016-02 also provides practical expedients for an entity’s ongoing accounting. The Company elected to not separate lease and non-lease components. Additionally, the Company will not recognize an asset for leases with a term of twelve months or less and will apply a portfolio approach in determining discount rates.

The Company surveyed its businesses, assessed its portfolio of leases, and compiled a central repository of all leases. Additionally, the Company identified and implemented appropriate changes to policies, procedures, and controls pertaining to existing and future lease arrangements to support recognition and disclosure requirements under ASU 2016-02. As a result of the adoption of ASU 2016-02, the Company recorded right-of-use assets of $154.4 and corresponding lease liabilities of $152.1 for its operating leases at September 30, 2020. The adoption of ASU 2016-02 did not have a material impact to the Consolidated Statements of Operations or Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. See Note 5 for additional information.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows: Restricted Cash. ASU 2016-18 requires that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Therefore, amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-18 became effective and was adopted for our fiscal year beginning on October 1, 2018. The adoption of ASU 2016-18 had a Consolidated Financial Statement presentation and disclosure impact only.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Clarifying the Definition of a Business. ASU 2017-01 assists entities in determining whether a transaction involves an asset or a business. Specifically, it states that when substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired (or disposed of) is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or group of similar identifiable assets, the set is not a business. If this initial test is not met, a set cannot be considered a business unless it includes an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create output.  ASU 2017-01 became effective and was adopted for the Company’s fiscal year beginning on October 1, 2018. The adoption of ASU 2017-01 did not have a significant impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. ASU 2017-04 eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test and modifies the concept of impairment from the condition that exists when the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds its implied fair value to the condition that exists when the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value. The Company early adopted this standard for its fiscal year beginning on October 1, 2017.

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost. ASU 2017-07 states that an employer must report the service cost component in the same line item or items as other compensation costs arising from services rendered by the pertinent employees during the period and present the other components of net benefit cost (as defined in paragraphs 715-30-35-4 and 715-60-35-9) in the income statement separately from the service cost component and outside a subtotal of income from operations (if one is presented). In addition, ASU 2017-07 limits the capitalization of compensation costs to the service cost component only (if capitalization is appropriate). ASU 2017-07 became effective and was adopted for the Company’s fiscal year beginning on October 1, 2018. On the Consolidated Statements of Operations, the adoption of ASU 2017-07 resulted in the reclassification of $0.8 credit from cost of goods sold to other income (expense), net, for the year ended September 30, 2018.

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting. ASU 2017-09 clarifies when changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award must be accounted for as modifications (in accordance with Topic 718). ASU 2017-09 provides relief to entities that make non-substantive changes to share-based payment awards. ASU 2017-09 became effective and was adopted for the Company’s fiscal year beginning on October 1, 2018. The adoption of ASU 2017-09 did not have a significant impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities. ASU 2017-12 intends to better align an entity’s risk management activities and financial reporting for hedging relationships through changes to both the designation and measurement guidance for qualifying hedging relationships and the presentation of hedge results. The amendments expand and refine hedge accounting for both nonfinancial and financial risk components, and align the recognition and presentation of the effects of the hedging instrument and the hedged item in the financial statements. In addition, ASU 2017-12 makes certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of hedge accounting guidance. ASU 2017-12 was early adopted for the Company’s fiscal year beginning on October 1, 2018 on a prospective basis. The adoption of ASU 2017-12 did not have a significant impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement-Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. ASU 2018-02 allows for the reclassification of stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Act from accumulated other comprehensive loss to retained earnings. The Company adopted ASU 2018-02 on October 1, 2019, which resulted in a decrease to accumulated other comprehensive loss and an increase to retained earnings of $6.0 each on the Consolidated Balance Sheets, primarily related to deferred taxes previously recorded for pension and other postretirement benefits. The adoption of ASU 2018-02 did not have an impact to the Consolidated Statements of Operations or Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

In March 2020, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) amended Rule 3-10 of Regulation S-X regarding financial disclosure requirements for registered debt offerings involving subsidiaries as either issuers or guarantors and affiliates whose securities are pledged as collateral. This new guidance narrows the circumstances that require separate financial statements of subsidiary issuers and guarantors and streamlines the alternative disclosure required in lieu of those financial statements. The Company adopted these amendments as of and for the quarter ended June 30, 2020. Accordingly, combined summarized financial information has been presented only for the issuer and guarantors of the Company’s senior notes for the most recent fiscal year, and the location of the required disclosures has been removed from the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements and moved to Part II, Item 7, of Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Recently issued accounting standards — In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Statements. ASU 2016-13 replaces the current incurred loss impairment model with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to determine credit loss estimates. ASU 2016-13 will be effective for the Company’s fiscal year beginning on October 1, 2020. As a result of the Company's assessment on its trade receivables and receivables from long-term manufacturing contracts, the Company does not expect ASU 2016-13 to have a material impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. ASU 2019-12 clarifies and simplifies accounting for income taxes by eliminating certain exceptions for intraperiod tax allocation principles, the methodology for calculating income tax rates in an interim period, and recognition of deferred taxes for outside basis differences in an investment, among other updates. ASU 2019-12 will be effective for the Company’s fiscal year beginning on October 1, 2021. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2019-12 on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

No other new accounting pronouncements recently adopted or issued had or are expected to have a material impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.