|6 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2019
|Revenue Recognition [Abstract]|
|Revenue from Contract with Customer [Text Block]||
We adopted ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, on October 1, 2018. As a result, we have changed our accounting policy for revenue recognition as detailed below.
Net revenue includes gross revenue less sales discounts, customer rebates, sales incentives, and product returns, all of which require us to make estimates for the portion of these allowances that have yet to be credited or paid to our customers. We estimate these allowances using the expected value method, which is based upon historical rates and projections of customer purchases toward contractual rebate thresholds.
Performance Obligations & Contract Estimates
The Process Equipment Group designs, engineers, manufactures, markets, and services differentiated process and material handling equipment and systems for a wide variety of industries. A large portion of our revenue across the Process Equipment Group is derived from manufactured equipment, which may be standard, customized to meet customer specifications, or turnkey.
Our contracts with customers in the Process Equipment Group segment often include multiple performance obligations. Performance obligations are promises in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer, and are the basis for determining how revenue is recognized. For instance, a contract may include obligations to deliver equipment, installation services, and spare parts. We frequently have contracts for which the equipment and the installation services, as well as highly engineered or specialized spare parts, are all considered a single performance obligation, as in these instances the installation services and/or spare parts are not separately identifiable. However, due to the varying nature of equipment and contracts across the Process Equipment Group, we also have contracts where the installation services and/or spare parts are deemed to be separately identifiable and are therefore deemed to be distinct performance obligations.
A contract’s transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation based on its respective stand-alone selling price, and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. When a distinct performance obligation is not sold separately, the value of the standalone selling price is estimated considering all reasonably available information. When an obligation is distinct, as defined in ASC 606, we allocate a portion of the contract price to the obligation and recognize it separately from the other performance obligations.
The timing of revenue recognition for each performance obligation is either over time or at a point in time. We recognize revenue over time for contracts that have an enforceable right to collect payment for performance completed to-date upon customer cancellation and provide one or more of the following: (i) service over a period of time, (ii) highly customized equipment, or (iii) parts which are highly engineered and have no alternative use. Revenue generated from standard equipment and highly customized equipment or parts contracts without an enforceable right to payment for performance completed to-date, as well as non-specialized parts sales and sales of death care products, is recognized at a point in time.
We use the input method of “cost-to-cost” to recognize revenue over time. Accounting for these contracts involves management judgment in estimating total contract revenue and cost. Contract revenues are largely determined by negotiated contract prices and quantities, modified by our assumptions regarding contract options, change orders, and incentive and award provisions associated with technical performance clauses. Contract costs are incurred over longer periods of time and, accordingly, the estimation of these costs requires judgment. We measure progress based on costs incurred to date relative to total estimated cost at completion. Incurred cost represents work performed, which corresponds with, and we believe thereby best depicts, the transfer of control to the customer. Contract costs include labor, material, and certain overhead expenses. Cost estimates are based on various assumptions to project the outcome of future events, including labor productivity and availability, the complexity of the work to be performed, the cost of materials, and the performance of subcontractors. Significant factors that influence these estimates include inflationary trends, technical and schedule risk, internal and subcontractor performance trends, business volume assumptions, asset utilization, and anticipated labor agreements. Revenue and cost estimates are regularly monitored and revised based on changes in circumstances. Anticipated losses on long-term contracts are recognized immediately when such losses become evident. We maintain financial controls over the customer qualification, contract pricing, and estimation processes to reduce the risk of contract losses.
Stand-alone service revenue is recognized either over time proportionately over the period of the underlying contract or as invoiced, depending on the terms of the arrangement. Stand-alone service revenue is not material to the Company.
For the Process Equipment Group and Batesville segment products where revenue is recognized at a point in time, we recognize it when our customers take control of the asset. We define this as the point in time at which the customer has the capability of full beneficial use of the asset as intended per the contract.
In the Process Equipment Group segment, the Company requires an advance deposit based on the terms and conditions of contracts with customers for many of its contracts. Payment terms generally require an upfront payment at the start of the contract, and the remaining payments during the contract or within a certain number of days of delivery. Typically, revenue is recognized within one year of receiving an advance deposit. For contracts where an advance payment is received greater than one year from expected revenue recognition, or a portion of the payment due extends beyond one year, the Company has determined it does not constitute a significant financing component.
The timing of revenue recognition, billings, and cash collections can result in customer receivables, advance payments, and billings in excess of revenue recognized. Customer receivables include amounts billed and currently due from customers and are included in Trade receivables, net, as well as unbilled amounts (contract assets) which are included in Receivables from long-term manufacturing contracts on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. Amounts are billed in accordance with contractual terms or as work progresses in accordance with contractual terms. Unbilled amounts arise when the timing of billing differs from the timing of revenue recognized, such as when contract provisions require specific milestones to be met before a customer can be billed. Unbilled amounts primarily relate to performance obligations satisfied over time when the cost-to-cost method is used and the revenue recognized exceeds the amount billed to the customer as there is not yet a right to payment in accordance with contractual terms. Unbilled amounts are recorded as a contract asset when the revenue associated with the contract is recognized prior to billing and derecognized when billed in accordance with the terms of the contract. Trade receivables are recorded at face amounts and represent the amounts we believe to be collectible. The Company maintains allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses as a result of customers’ inability to make required payments. Management evaluates the aging of the customer receivable balances, the financial condition of its customers, historical trends and the time outstanding of specific balances to estimate the amount of customer receivables that may not be collected in the future, and records the appropriate provision.
Advance payments and billings in excess of revenue recognized are included in Liabilities from long-term manufacturing contracts and advances on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. Advance payments and billings in excess of revenue recognized represent contract liabilities and are recorded when customers remit contractual cash payments in advance of us satisfying performance obligations under contractual arrangements, including those with performance obligations satisfied over time. Billings in excess of revenue recognized primarily relate to performance obligations satisfied over time when the cost-to-cost method is used and revenue cannot yet be recognized as the Company has not completed the corresponding performance obligation. Contract liabilities are derecognized when revenue is recognized and the performance obligation is satisfied.
The balance in Receivables from long-term manufacturing contracts at March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018 was $164.8 and $120.3. The change was driven by the adoption of ASC 606 ($3.0) and the impact of net revenue recognized prior to billings ($41.5). The balance in the Liabilities from long-term manufacturing contracts and advances at March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018 was $125.1 and $125.9 and consists primarily of cash payments received or due in advance of satisfying our performance obligations. The revenue recognized for the six months ended March 31, 2019 related to Liabilities from long-term manufacturing contracts and advances as of September 30, 2018 was $107.0. During the six months ended March 31, 2019, the adjustments related to performance obligations satisfied in previous periods were immaterial.
Costs incurred to obtain a customer contract are not material to the Company. The Company elected to apply the practical expedient to not capitalize contract costs to obtain contracts with a duration of one year or less, which are expensed as incurred.
Transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligations
As of March 31, 2019, the aggregate amount of transaction price of remaining performance obligations, which corresponds to backlog as defined in Item 2 of this Form 10-Q, for the Company was $960.5. Approximately 85% of these obligations are expected to be satisfied over the next twelve months, and the remaining performance obligations, primarily within one to three years.
Disaggregation of revenue
The entire disclosure of revenue from contract with customer to transfer good or service and to transfer nonfinancial asset. Includes, but is not limited to, disaggregation of revenue, credit loss recognized from contract with customer, judgment and change in judgment related to contract with customer, and asset recognized from cost incurred to obtain or fulfill contract with customer. Excludes insurance and lease contracts.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef