Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
12 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2015
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of presentation
Basis of presentation — The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Hillenbrand and its subsidiaries.  They also include two minor subsidiaries where the Company’s ownership percentage is less than 100%.  The portion of the business that is not owned by the Company is presented as noncontrolling interests within equity in the balance sheets.  Income attributable to the noncontrolling interests is separately reported within the statements of income.  All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.  Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the 2015 presentation.
Use of estimates
Use of estimates — We prepared the consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“GAAP”).  GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Foreign currency translation
Foreign currency translation — The financial statements of our foreign subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars using period-end exchange rates for assets and liabilities and average exchange rates for operating results.  Unrealized translation gains and losses are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss in shareholders’ equity.  When a transaction is denominated in a currency other than the subsidiary’s functional currency, we recognize a transaction gain or loss in “other income (expense), net” when the transaction is settled.
Cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents include short-term investments with original maturities of three months or less.  The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheet for cash and cash equivalents are valued at cost, which approximates their fair value.
Trade receivables
Trade receivables are recorded at the invoiced amount and generally do not bear interest, unless they become past due.  The allowance for doubtful accounts is a best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses and collection risk in the existing accounts receivable portfolio.  The allowance for cash discounts and sales returns reserve are based upon historical experience and trends.  Account balances are charged against the allowance when we believe it is probable the receivable will not be recovered.   We generally hold trade accounts receivable until they are collected.
Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market.  Inventory costs are determined by the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) method for approximately 28% and 26% of inventories at September 30, 2015 and 2014.  Costs of remaining inventories have been determined principally by the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) and average cost methods.
Property, plant, and equipment
Property, plant, and equipment are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed using principally the straight-line method based on estimated useful lives of five to 45 years for buildings and improvements and two to 20 years for machinery and equipment. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred. Upon disposal or retirement, the cost and accumulated depreciation of assets are eliminated. Any gain or loss is reflected in the Company’s income from operations. We review these assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. An impairment loss would be recognized when estimated future undiscounted cash flows relating to the asset are less than its carrying amount. The impairment loss is measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its fair value.
Intangible assets
Intangible assets are stated at the lower of cost or fair value.  With the exception of trade names, intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over periods ranging from three to 22 years, representing the period over which we expect to receive future economic benefits from these assets.  We assess the carrying value of trade names annually, or more often if events or changes in circumstances indicate there may be impairment.
Goodwill is not amortized, but is subject to annual impairment tests.  Goodwill has been assigned to reporting units.  We assess the carrying value of goodwill annually, or more often if events or changes in circumstances indicate there may be impairment.  Impairment testing is performed at a reporting unit level.
Investments — Our investment portfolio consists of investments in private equity limited partnerships.  The carrying value of the portfolio was $8.3 and $12.1 at September 30, 2015 and 2014 and is included in other assets on the balance sheets.  We use the equity method of accounting for substantially all private equity limited partnerships, with earnings or losses reported in “other income (expense), net” in the income statements.  Certain of these investments require commitments by us to provide additional funding of up to $1.0.  The timing of funding is uncertain, but is expected to occur over the next three to five years.  We regularly evaluate all investments for possible impairment.
Environmental liabilities
Environmental liabilities — Expenditures that relate to an existing condition caused by past operations which do not contribute to current or future revenue generation are expensed.  A reserve is established when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated.  These reserves are determined without consideration of possible loss recoveries.  Based on consultations with an environmental engineer, the range of liability is estimated based on current interpretations of environmental laws and regulations.  A determination is made of the specific measures that are believed to be required to remediate the site, the estimated total cost to carry out the remediation plan, and the periods in which we will make payments toward the remediation plan.  We do not make an estimate of inflation for environmental matters because the number of sites is small, the magnitude of costs to execute remediation plans is not significant, and the estimated time frames to remediate sites are not believed to be lengthy.
Specific costs included in environmental expense and reserves include site assessment, remediation plan development, clean-up costs, post-remediation expenditures, monitoring, fines, penalties, and legal fees.  The amount reserved represents the expected undiscounted future cash outflows associated with such plans and actions and is not significant to Hillenbrand.
Self-insurance — We are self-funded up to certain limits for product and general liability, workers compensation, and auto liability insurance programs, as well as certain employee health benefits including medical, drug, and dental.  These policies have deductibles and self-funded retentions up to $0.5 per occurrence, depending upon the type of coverage and policy period.  Our policy is to estimate reserves based upon a number of factors, including known claims, estimated incurred but not reported claims, and outside actuarial analysis.  The outside actuarial analysis is based on historical information along with certain assumptions about future events.  These reserves are classified as other current and other long-term liabilities within the balance sheets.
Treasury stock
Treasury stock consists of our common shares that have been issued but subsequently reacquired.  We account for treasury stock purchases under the cost method.  When these shares are reissued, we use an average-cost method to determine cost.  Proceeds in excess of cost are credited to additional paid-in capital.
Preferred stock
Preferred stock — The Company has authorized 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock (no par value), of which no shares were issued at September 30, 2015 and 2014.
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
Accumulated other comprehensive loss included all changes in Hillenbrand shareholders’ equity during a period except those that resulted from investments by or distributions to our shareholders.
Revenue recognition
Revenue recognition — Net revenue includes gross revenue less sales discounts, customer rebates, sales incentives, and product returns, all of which require us to make estimates for the portion of these allowances that have yet to be credited or paid to our customers.  We estimate these allowances based upon historical rates and projections of customer purchases toward contractual rebate thresholds.
A portion of Hillenbrand’s revenue is derived from long-term manufacturing contracts.  The majority of this revenue is recognized based on the percentage-of-completion method.  Under this method, revenue is recognized based upon the costs incurred to date as compared to the total estimated project costs.  Approximately 29%, 25%, and 25% of Hillenbrand’s revenue was attributable to these long-term manufacturing contracts for 2015, 2014, and 2013.
Accounting for these contracts involves management judgment in estimating total contract revenue and cost.  Contract revenues are largely determined by negotiated contract prices and quantities, modified by our assumptions regarding contract options, change orders, and incentive and award provisions associated with technical performance clauses.  Contract costs are incurred over longer periods of time and, accordingly, the estimation of these costs requires management judgment.  Cost estimates are largely based on negotiated or estimated purchase contract terms, historical performance trends, and other economic projections.  Significant factors that influence these estimates include inflationary trends, technical and schedule risk, internal and subcontractor performance trends, business volume assumptions, asset utilization, and anticipated labor agreements.  Revenue and cost estimates are regularly monitored and revised based on changes in circumstances.  Anticipated losses on long-term contracts are recognized immediately when such losses become evident.  We maintain financial controls over the customer qualification, contract pricing, and estimation processes to reduce the risk of contract losses.
Revenue for components, most replacement parts, and service is recognized when title and risk of loss passes to the customer.
Cost of goods sold
Cost of goods sold consists primarily of purchased material costs, fixed manufacturing expense, variable direct labor, and overhead costs.  It also includes costs associated with the distribution and delivery of products.
Research and development costs
Research and development costs are expensed as incurred as a component of operating expenses and were $12.7, $14.4, and $12.2 for 2015, 2014, and 2013.
Warranty costs
Warranty costs — We provide for the estimated warranty cost of a product at the time revenue is recognized.  Warranty expense is accrued based upon historical information and may also include specific provisions for known conditions.  Warranty obligations are affected by actual product performance and by material usage and service costs incurred in making product corrections.  Our warranty provision takes into account the best estimate of amounts necessary to settle future and existing claims on products sold.  The Process Equipment Group generally offers a one to two-year warranty on a majority of its products.  It engages in extensive product quality programs and processes in an effort to minimize warranty obligations, including active monitoring and evaluation of the quality of component suppliers.
Income taxes
Income taxes — We establish deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements.  Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the differences between the financial statements and the tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse.  The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.  The majority of the cash at our foreign subsidiaries represents earnings considered to be permanently reinvested for which deferred taxes have not been provided as we do not intend, nor do we foresee a need, to repatriate these funds.
We have a variety of deferred income tax assets in numerous tax jurisdictions.  The recoverability of these deferred income tax assets is assessed periodically and valuation allowances are recognized if it is determined that it is more likely than not that the benefits will not be realized.  When performing this assessment, we consider future taxable income, the reversal of existing temporary differences, and tax planning strategies.  We account for accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense.
Derivative financial instruments
Derivative financial instruments — The Company has hedging programs in place to manage its currency exposures.  The objectives of our hedging programs are to mitigate exposures in gross margin and non-functional-currency-denominated assets and liabilities.   Under these programs, we use derivative financial instruments to manage the economic impact of fluctuations in currency exchange rates.  These include foreign currency exchange forward contracts, which generally have terms from one to 24 months.  The aggregate notional amount of these derivative instruments was $136.7 and $123.3 at September 30, 2015 and 2014.
We measure all derivative instruments at fair value and report them on our balance sheets as assets or liabilities.  Derivative instruments designated as hedges for customer orders or intercompany purchases have an offsetting tax-adjusted amount in accumulated other comprehensive gain (loss).  Derivative instruments designated to hedge foreign currency exposures within our balance sheet have an offsetting amount recorded in “other income (expense), net”.  The carrying value of all of these contracts at fair value resulted in assets of $1.1 and $1.2 (included in other current assets) and liabilities of $5.8 and $4.1 (included in other current liabilities) at September 30, 2015 and 2014.  See Note 13 for additional information on the fair value of our derivative instruments.
Changes in the fair value of derivatives are accounted for depending on the intended use of the derivative, designation of the hedging relationship, and whether or not the criteria to apply hedge accounting has been satisfied.  Gains and losses on derivative instruments reported in accumulated other comprehensive gain (loss) are subsequently included in earnings in the periods in which earnings are affected by the hedged item.  The amounts recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and subsequently through earnings were not significant from 2013 through 2015.  Net gains and losses on all derivative instruments were substantially offset by foreign exchange effects on the hedged items.
The Company does not enter into derivative contracts for purposes of speculation.
Business acquisitions and related business acquisition and integration costs
Business acquisitions and related business acquisition and integration costs — Assets and liabilities associated with business acquisitions are recorded at fair value, using the acquisition method of accounting.  We allocate the purchase price of acquisitions based upon the fair value of each component, which may be derived from observable or unobservable inputs and assumptions.  We may utilize third-party valuation specialists to assist us in this allocation.  Initial purchase price allocations are preliminary and subject to revision within the measurement period, generally not to exceed one year from the date of acquisition.
Business acquisition and integration costs are expensed as incurred, and are reported as a component of cost of goods sold, operating expenses, interest expense, and “other income (expense), net,” depending on the nature of the cost.  We define these costs to include finder’s fees, advisory, legal, accounting, valuation, and other professional or consulting fees, as well as travel associated with the evaluation and effort to acquire specific businesses.  Business acquisition and integration costs also include costs associated with acquisition tax planning, retention bonuses, and related integration costs.  These costs exclude the ongoing expenses of our business development department.
Restructuring costs
Restructuring costs may occur when we take action to exit or significantly curtail a part of our operations or change the deployment of assets or personnel.  A restructuring charge can consist of an impairment or accelerated depreciation of effected assets, severance costs associated with reductions to the workforce, and charges for legal obligations for which no future benefit will be derived.
Recently adopted accounting standards
Recently adopted accounting standards — In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-11, Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists.  ASU 2013-11 requires the netting of unrecognized tax benefits (“UTBs”) against a deferred tax asset for a loss or other carryforward that would apply in settlement of the uncertain tax positions.  Under ASU 2013-11, UTBs will be netted against all available same jurisdiction loss or other tax carryforwards that would be utilized, rather than only against carryforwards that are created by the UTBs.  ASU 2013-11 became effective and was adopted for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2014.  The adoption of this standard did not have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements

In May 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-07, Fair Value Measurement. ASU 2015-07 permits a reporting entity, as a practical expedient, to measure the fair value of certain investments using the net asset value per share of the investment. It removes the requirement to categorize investments for which fair values are measured using the net asset value per share practical expedient. It also limits disclosures to investments for which the entity has elected to measure the fair value using the practical expedient. ASU 2015-07 will be effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2016, with early adoption permitted. We elected to early adopt this standard for our fiscal year 2015, which eliminated the requirement for us to categorize investments for which fair values are measured using the net asset value per share in our consolidated financial statements.
Recently issued accounting standards
Recently issued accounting standards — In April 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-8, Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity, which includes amendments that change the requirements for reporting discontinued operations and requires additional disclosures about discontinued operations.  Under ASU 2014-8, only disposals representing a strategic shift in operations should be presented as discontinued operations.  ASU 2014-8 will be effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2015.  We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2014-8 to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 requires entities to recognize revenue in a way that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 will be effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2018, including interim periods within that reporting period, and allows for either full retrospective adoption or modified retrospective adoption, with early adoption permitted on October 1, 2017. We are currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2014-09 will have on our consolidated financial statements.
In June 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-12, Accounting for Share-Based Payments When the Terms of an Award Provide That a Performance Target Could Be Achieved after the Requisite Service Period.  ASU 2014-12 states that a performance target in a share-based payment that affects vesting and that could be achieved after the requisite service period should be accounted for as a performance condition.  ASU 2014-12 will be effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2016, with early adoption permitted.  We are currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2014-12 will have on our consolidated financial statements.

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern. ASU 2014-15 provides guidance about management’s responsibility to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern or to provide related footnote disclosures. ASU 2014-15 will be effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2016, with early adoption permitted. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2014-15 to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In January 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-01, Income Statement—Extraordinary and Unusual Items. ASU 2015-01 eliminates from GAAP the concept of extraordinary items. ASU 2015-01 will be effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2016, with early adoption permitted. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2015-01 to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-02, Consolidation: Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis. The new standard amends the consolidation guidance in ASC 810 and significantly changes the consolidation analysis required under current generally accepted accounting principles. ASU 2015-02 will be effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2016, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the new guidance to determine the impact it may have to its consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Interest - Imputation of Interest. ASU 2015-03 simplifies the presentation of debt issuance costs. The amendments in this ASU require that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. ASU 2015-03 will be effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2016, with early adoption permitted. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2015-03 to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-05, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software. ASU 2015-05 helps entities evaluate the accounting for fees paid by a customer in a cloud computing arrangement by providing guidance as to whether an arrangement includes the sale or license of software. ASU 2015-05 will be effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2016, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2015-05 will have on our consolidated financial statements.

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, Inventory (Topic 330). Topic 330, Inventory, currently requires an entity to measure inventory at the lower of cost or market. Market could be replacement cost, net realizable value, or net realizable value less an approximately normal profit margin. ASU 2015-11 requires an entity to measure inventory within the scope of this update at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Subsequent measurement is unchanged for inventory measured using last-in, first-out (LIFO) or the retail inventory method. ASU 2015-11 will be effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2017, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2015-11 will have on our consolidated financial statements.

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-12, plan accounting: defined benefit pension plans (Topic 960), defined contribution pension plans (Topic 962), health and welfare benefit plans (Topic 965): (Part I) fully benefit-responsive investment contracts, (Part II) plan investment disclosures, (Part III) measurement date practical expedient. This update reduces complexity in employee benefit plan accounting, which is consistent with the FASB’s Simplification initiative.

Part I: Fully Benefit-Responsive Investment Contracts, designate contract value as the only required measure for fully benefit-responsive investment contracts, which maintains the relevant information while reducing the cost and complexity of reporting for fully benefit-responsive investment contracts. It removes the requirement that fully benefit-responsive investment contracts be measured at contract value and require an adjustment to reconcile contract value to fair value, when these measures differ, on the face of the plan financial statements.

Part II: Plan Investment Disclosures, simplifies and makes more effective the investment disclosure requirements under Topic 820 and under Topics 960, 962, and 965 for employee benefit plans.

Part III: Measurement Date Practical Expedient, reduces complexity in employee benefit plan accounting by providing a practical expedient that permits plans to measure investments and investment-related accounts as of a month-end date that is closest to the plan’s fiscal year-end, when the fiscal period does not coincide with month-end.

ASU 2015-12 will be effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2016, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2015-12 will have on our consolidated financial statements.